Judo is a sport for men and for women.
A match is between two people at a time.
One person tries to throw and hold the other onto a judo mat.
A judo match
A judo match is between two competitors. To win a match, each competitor tries to throw the other onto the mat and hold them there for 30 seconds. A competitor can also win by holding the other onto the mat in an armlock or a stranglehold.
Judges and a referee make sure that competitors obey the rules. They give points to the competitors for good holds and throws. A judo match lasts for 10 minutes.
History of judo
Judo was founded in 1882 by Dr. Jigoro Kano (1860-1938).
He based judo on an ancient martial art, Jujitsu. Jujitsu was a combat technique used by Japanese knights known as samurai. Dr. Kano removed dangerous punching and kicking moves and gave the sport its new name, Judo. He intended judo to be a self defence technique.
Millions of people practice the sport in countries around the world. Judo was introduced into the Olympic Games in 1964.
Read and watch videos about Olympic Judo: