The City of Hobart, Australia

Find Hobart on this map.

Find Hobart on this map.

The city covers an area of 936 square kilometres and is built on the Derwent River.

The city was officially named in 1804, after Lord Hobart who was the Secretary of State for the colonies in the British government.

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The first people to live in the Hobart area were Aboriginal peoples.

They had occupied the land for many thousands of years before European settlers arrived. The Nuenonne people lived on the land in the Hobart area. They made sea journeys to catch fish and hunt seals and birds. European whalers attacked the aborigines and took away their women. In 1804 European settlement began and the Aborigines were forced off their lands. Many were killed in battles with settlers. Later, the Aboriginal people were convinced to move from the mainland to Flinders Island in Bass Strait.

Older style building in Hobart

Older style building in Hobart

Today, the city is run by a city council, elected by the people of the city. A Lord Mayor leads the city council. The Parliament of Tasmania is in Hobart.

Hobart is the business centre for Tasmania and is a modern city of offices, theatres, cinemas and restaurants. There is a blend of older style buildings and new modern buildings and there are many parks and gardens. 

Tasman Bridge across the Derwent River.

Tasman Bridge across the Derwent River.

Many tourists visit Hobart every year.

The Sydney to Hobart yacht race in an annual sporting event.

The weather in Hobart

The weather is temperate, which means that it is rarely very hot or very cold. During the summer the average temperature is about 22C but the temperature can reach 30C. In winter the average temperature is about 12C and snow falls on the mountains and hills near the city. 


A short timeline of European settlement and development 1803 – 2002

1803

Lieutenant Bowen established a colony of 39 people at Risdon Cove. 24 were convicts.

1804

Lieutenenat Colonel David Collins brings more people from New South Wales. He moves the settlement to Hobart for better water supply.

1805

The first free settlers arrive.

1893

Hobart becomes the first city to have electric powered trams and trolley buses

1811

Governot Macquarie (of NSW) visits and plans the town. He names Macquarie Street after himself!

1818

Work begins on the Botanic Gardens

1824

Australia's oldest brewery established. 'Cascade'

1825

Van Diemans Land (not called Tasmania yet!) made a separate colony.

1829

A road links Hobart and Launceston

1832

Tabletop Mountain renamed Mount Wellington

1834

Theatre Royal opened. It is the oldest surviving theatre in Australia.

1842  

Hobart Town made a city

1855

Colony renamed Tasmania after Abel Tasman who discovered the island.

1943 

A floating bridge (The Hobart Bridge) opened across the Derwent

1964 

Tasman Bridge opened

1973 

First legal casino in Australia opens in Hobart

1975  

A ship strikes the Tasman Bridge. It is 2 years before it is opened again.

1998 

6 houses and over 3,000 hectares of land in the Hobart area were destroyed by fire on 17 January

2002 

Federation Concert Hall was opened on 4 September

 

Tasmanian devil. ©Getty Images

Tasmanian devil. ©Getty Images