Australian wheat

Australia produces large amounts of wheat and sells some of it to other countries. © Getty Images

Australia produces large amounts of wheat and sells some of it to other countries. © Getty Images

  • Wheat is the largest grain crop in Australia.

  • Most wheat varieties grown in Australia are sown in autumn and harvested in summer.

  • Australia is one of the top ten wheat producer in the world.

  • About 16 million tones is produced in most years. The annual value of the crop is about $ 2 billion. Most of Australia's wheat is produced in New South Wales and in Western Australia.

  • Australian wheat is exported to many countries including Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Korea and Japan.

  • In Australia the wheat is used to make flour, as stock feed, and as seed for the next year's crop.

How wheat is grown

Wheat is grown from seeds. After ploughing the paddocks to break up the soil, the farmer uses a tractor to pull a machine called a drill that plants the seeds into long ditches. Fertiliser can be added by the machine to make the wheat plants grow strong.

A combine harvester cuts down the plants and separates the grain from the rest of the plant. The straw or hay is used to feed farm animals.  

A combine harvester cuts down the plants and separates the grain from the rest of the plant. The straw or hay is used to feed farm animals.

 

As the plants grow, a head of seeds forms at the top of the plant. It hardens and ripens.

When it is ready, the farmer uses a combine harvesting machine to collect the ripe grain.


The harvester pours the grain into trucks

Grain is poured into trucks and taken to the silos. © Getty Images

Grain is poured into trucks and taken to the silos. © Getty Images

The combine harvester is driven through the paddocks where it cuts the wheat, cleans and separates the seeds or kernels from the rest of the plant.

The dry plant, or hay, is used to feed farm animals.

Silos are storage for wheat until it is sold. © Getty Images

Silos are storage for wheat until it is sold. © Getty Images

The ripened wheat is stored in silos until it is sold.

History of wheat

It is thought that wheat was first grown about 12 000 years ago in the Middle East, in countries we call Syria and Iraq.

About 6 700 BC prehistoric people ground grains of wheat to make flour.

The ancient Egyptians added yeast to flour to make their bread rise. They were the first to have bread ovens.

Windmills were used to grind flour in Syria, England and France about nearly 900 years ago

Machanical farm machinery was invented from 1700

Top wheat producing countries

China   
India
USA   
Former USSR   
France   
Canada   
Australia   
Germany
Pakistan  
Turkey   

 

Wheat for good health

© iStock

© iStock

Wheat contains essential vitamins and minerals such as:

  • B-vitamins for the digestive system and to help the body use energy properly.
  • Calcium for healthy bones and teeth.

 


Read more about wheat farm machinery

http://www.wheatfarm.com