|Official name||Republic of Indonesia|
|Official language||Bahasa Indonesia|
|Type of govemment||Republic|
|Head of state||President|
|Head of government||President|
|Main ethnic groups||Javanese, Sundanese, Indonesian (Malay), Maduresa|
|Main religions||Islam (more than 80%), Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism|
|Area||1 919 443 square kilometres|
|Currency||Rupiah (1 rupiah (Rp) is divided into 100 sen)|
|Highest mountain||Puncak Jaya (5029 metres) on Irian Jaya (also called West Papua)|
|Largest island||Java (126 700 square kilometres)|
|Longest river||Mamberamo (navigable for 160 km), on Irian Jaya (also called West Papua)|
|Main agricultural products||rice, coconuts, soy beans, bananas, coffee, tea, palm, rubber, sugar cane|
|Industries||fishing, petroleum, timber, paper products, cotton cloth, tourism, mining of petroleum, natural gas, bauxite, coal and tin|
|Time difference from Australian Eastern Standard Time||Jakarta is three hours behind|
Indonesia consists of five main islands in a group of more than 13 000. It stretches almost 5000 kilometres from the Asian mainland into the Pacific Ocean. Less than 6000 of these islands are inhabited.
The climate of Indonesia is tropical: hot, wet and humid. The temperature range on the coasts is between 24ºC and 28º C for most of the year. Strong winds called monsoons bring heavy rain in the wet season, December to March. There is less rain June to September.
Indonesia has many high mountains, the highest of which are over 4000 metres. Many of them are active volcanoes. There are tropical rainforests and jungles, as well as swampy mangrove areas. Indonesia's most fertile land is on the island of Java.
Go here for general information about Indonesia
If you use any part of this in your own work, acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, R. & Sydenham, S. A Trip to Indonesia [Online] www.kidcyber.com.au (2001)
Updated December 2008 ©kidcyber
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Map courtesy of ITA's Flags of All Countries used with permission.