The Olympic opening ceremony begins with the playing of the national anthem of the host country. In 2012 it will be the British national anthem, 'God Save the Queen'.
In their uniforms, the athletes and and officials from all of the competing countries march into the stadium. The athletes from Greece march in first, and the host country's team enters last. The others march in in alphabetical order.
There are speeches and then the Games are declared open by the Head of State of the host country. In 2012 this will be Queen Elizabeth 11.
The Olympic flag is carried into the stadium. It will fly on the flagpole until the Games are over. Canon are fired and white doves are released to fly across the arena.
The Olympic torch is carried into the stadium and is used to light the Olympic flame which will burn until the end of the Games.
One athlete from the host country will say the Olympic oath for all the athletes. One of the judges says the oath for all the judges.
The Games are now open!
The Olympic closing ceremony
At the closing ceremony, athletes enter the stadium in no particular order. This is a symbol of the friendship that the games have inspired. The national anthem of Greece is played and the flags of Greece, the host country and the country next to host the games are raised. The national anthem of the country next to host the games is played and then the mayor of the host country presents an Olympic flag to the President of the IOC. The president of the IOC then presents the flag to the mayor of the next host city.
The Olympic flame is extinguished, and while the Olympic hymn is played the flag is lowered and carried out of the arena.
Acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, Ron & Sydenham, Shirley. The Olympic opening & closing ceremonies. [Online] www.kidcyber.com.au (2012)
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