Olive and fig trees grow in this area too, and the fruit and oil is sold throughout Italy.
The Island of Giglio in Tuscany is full of semi tropical plants such as bougainvilla (on the right), palm trees, wild orchids and tropical flowers. In all, there are about 700 different kinds of plants found on the island.
In Abruzzo, another region of Italy, the mountains have a variety of plants. Lower down on the slopes there are woods of oak, maple and ash. Further up, at about 1,000 metres, the forest becomes beech and mountain maple. Above 1700 metres, there are thick shrubs and pines. There are many wildflowers in the mountains, including Aquilegia of Majella.
Elsewhere in Abruzzo there are forests of beech and maple. There are two forests , Selva di Cortino and Bosco Martese, of white fir trees.
Forest understorey in Abruzzo is thick with anemone, ranunculi,
red lilies and martagons, belladonna, raspberry bushes and different
species of wild orchids.
In Calabria, which is the 'toe' on the map of Italy, the Aspromonte National Park is situated in the southern part of the Appennine mountains. This part of the mountain range is made up of crystaline granite. It is near the sea and reaches heights of 2000 metres. The park is crossed by many rivers. There are huge forests of beech, white firs, black pines and chestnuts.
The Pollino National Park is located in the southern Appennine mountains in Calabria between the Tirrenian and Ionian seas. It is a vast place where rare plants such as the Loricato Pine (on the right) can be seen. Forests of beech trees are also found in this park.
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Sydenham, S. & Thomas, R. Italy plants [Online] www.kidcyber.com.au (2011)
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