Farming in Greece

Farming has been important to the Greeks since ancient times when, because of the mountains which separated the city-states, it was difficult to trade foods with others. The ancient Greeks had to grow all of their own food.

In modern times about one third of Greece has land suitable for farming. Some of the biggest farms in Greece are wheat farms.

Olives are eaten or made into olive oil

Farmers grow olives, grapes, melons, peaches, tomatoes and oranges. These are important crops because they are some of the things that Greece exports (sells) to other countries. Tobacco and cotton too are grown and exported.

Greek farmers also grow grapes and make wine. One of the most popular wines is 'retsina'. A sap from pine trees is added to the wine to give it a sepcial flavour.

Bags of goat's milk ready to be made into cheese

Sheep and goats are the most common animals on farms. Goat's milk is used to make cheese called 'feta', the meat of the goat is eaten and the skin used to make clothes and leather goods. Sheep are raised for their meat and wool. Beef cattle and pigs are also farmed for their meat.

Many people in Greece fish for their living. They catch octopus, squids, shrimps and fish from the seas around the mainland and the islands. The fish are sold on the jetties to local people or to the island cafe owners. Some fish is processed in factories and put into cans. There are fish farms in Greece too.

Read here about farming in Greece in ancient times

Remember: Always acknowledge where you find information
If you use any of the information on this page acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, Ron. & Sydenham, Shirley. Greece [Online] (2009)

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