Chocolate is one of the most popular sweets in the world.


Chocolate eggs

Chocolate is made from cocoa beans, which grow on cacao trees. Cacao trees grow in Africa, Central and South America, and parts of Asia, where the weather is hot.


Cocoa beans are picked and
left to dry in the sun. The dry beans are shipped to places
where chocolate is made.

Raking dried cocoa beans

 At a factory, the cocoa beans are cleaned and roasted and the shells are removed. The beans are crushed and mixed with sugar and condensed milk to make a paste.
The paste passes through rollers to make it smooth, then it is stirred for at least six hours.


The liquid chocolate is weighed and poured into moulds. Flavoured centres or nuts and fruit are added at this stage. The chocolate blocks are cooled, then wrapped in foil.

For hundreds of years, people drank chocolate, but they didn't eat it until the first chocolate bars were made in Switzerland in 1819. The chocolates were hard and tasted bitter. So in 1879, Rodolphe Lindt invented a machine which made smoother milk chocolate that tasted better.

For more detailed information about chocolate, go here:

Acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Thomas & Sydenham, Chocolate. [Online] (2005)

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