Geography and Climate of China


In China there are many different types of land. There are stony deserts, snow covered mountainous regions, rainforests, fertile valleys and wetlands.


Two thirds of the country is either mountain or desert.

Melting snow from the mountains in the west provides water for the country's rivers. The longest at 6 300 kilometres is the Chang Jiang (Yangtze River). It is the third longest river in the world.


Tiger Leap Gorge on the Yangtze River




The Huang He (Yellow River) is the second longest and is about 5 460 kilometres long.

The highest mountain is Mount Everest on the Chinese border with Nepal. The Chinese call Everest Qomolangma Feng.

5 000 islands along the coast are also part of China.


In the north of China the winters, between December and March, are cold and snowy. The summers are hot and dry. In Beijing the summer temperature can reach 38º C.

In the south, the weather is hot and humid in summer with temperatures reaching 38º C. Strong winds called typhoons bring heavy rains to southern parts of China between July and September. Winters in the south are short, cold and wet.

There is more information about the climate here

Acknowledge this page in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, Ron. & Sydenham, Shirley. China [Online] (2009)

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