Sydney, Australia

image above used with permission

Sydney is the largest city in Australia. About 4 million people live there. It is the capital city of the state of New South Wales.

The city is built around beautiful Sydney Harbour. The harbour covers an area of 5 500 hectares and has an average depth of 9 metres.

The famous harbour bridge (it was opened in 1932) and the opera house (opened in 1973) are tourist attractions there.

The city covers an area of 12 407 square kilometres.

The city is run by a city council which is elected by the people of Sydney. The Lord Mayor leads the city council.

The weather in Sydney is temperate which means it is rarely very hot or very cold. The average summer temperature is about 25 Celsius. In winter the average temperature is about 15 Celsius.

The first people to live in the area now known as Sydney were the Australian Aboriginal people, the Eora. They lived by hunting, fishing and gathering food.

The first European settlement in Australia was established at Sydney Cove in 1788.

Each day thousands of people travel across the harbour by ferry to work in the city, arriving at Circular Quay.

Millions of tourists visit the city every year. They take ferry rides on the harbour and travel around the city by bus, train or on the Sydney monorail.



Sydney was the host city for the Olympic Games in 2000.

Acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Sydney, Australia (2000). [Online], Available:

Go here to read more about the city of Sydney

Read about the State of New South Wales here

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updated October 2006