Medals are given to athletes who come first, second and third in each event. Gold is for first, silver for second and bronze for third.
Olympic medals are different for each Olympic Games. They are designed especially for each individual Olympic Games by the host city's organizing committee.
Medals are presented to the athletes at a ceremony soon after the event. The winner of the gold medal stands in the centre on the highest step. The winner of the silver medal stands on his or her right and the winner of the bronze medal is on the left.
The flag of each medal winner's country is flown.
You can find a list of all the Olympic medals ever won by each country here. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/All-time_Olympic_Games_medal_table
What are Olympic medals made of?
Gold and silver medals are 92.5% silver.
Gold medals must covered with at least 6 grams of gold.
Olympic medals must be at least 3 mm thick and at least 60 mm in diameter.
Bronze medals are bronze, which is an an alloy (a mixture) of copper and usually tin.
Did you know?
At the first modern Olympics in 1896, the medals awarded to winning athletes were made of silver. Second and third place winners were given bronze medals.
1912 was the last time that gold Olympic medals were made entirely of gold.
Acknowledge this source in your bibliography like this:
Thomas, Ron. & Sydenham, Shirley. Olympic medals [Online] www.kidcyber.com.au (2011)
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