On farms, the farmer uses machines to help with many of the jobs that have to be done.

A tractor is used to take the farmer to different parts of the farm. The tractor is used to pull other heavy machines.


The tractor pulls a plough that digs to soil to break it up and make it ready for planting seeds.

 A plough digs up the soil to get it ready to take the seeds. © iStock

A plough digs up the soil to get it ready to take the seeds. © iStock

The first ploughs were pulled by horses or oxen. The ploughs were made of wood with a metal blade to cut through the soil. Farmers in ancient Egypt used the antlers of oxen as a plough to cut and break up the soil.

 Long ago animals were harnessed together and the farmer followed with the plough. ©iStock

Long ago animals were harnessed together and the farmer followed with the plough. ©iStock

After ploughing, the seeds can then be planted by the farmer using  the seed drill. The seed drill plants seeds in rows and covers them over with soil. It also adds fertiliser to the soil to feed the plants and help them grow.
The seed drill is pulled by the tractor too.

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Long ago seeds were planted like this. The picture on the right is of an early seed drill. The first seed drill was invented by Jethro Tull in 1700

After the seeds have grown, the crops have to be harvested. A machine called a combine harvester helps to do this. The harvester cuts the top off the plants and separates the grains of corn, wheat, sunflowers, oats from the plants. Then the  machine loads the grain into a tractor trailer.

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Long ago