A cockatiel is a small parrot.
They are different colours.
Cockatiels have a crest on top of their head.
They have an orange spot on each cheek .
Some are wild and some are pets.
Cockatiels are small Australian parrots related to cockatoos.
Body and Behaviours
The natural colour of a cockatiel is grey with a yellow face and orange cheek patches.
The crest is yellow-orange. When a cockatel is relaxed, the crest is fairly flat with the tip pointing upwards. If the crest is upright, the bird is interested. If it is as far forwards as it can go, the cockatiel is concentrating, and if it is right back, the bird is upset or afraid.
They often stand on one leg with the other tucked up close to the body, which is how it relaxes and stays warm.
In the wild cockatiels eat seeds, grasses and leaves. They may also eat grubs and insects. They drink fresh water.
After mating with a male cockatiel, a female bird will lay from 3 to 8 eggs. The male and the female take turns at sitting on the eggs. This is called incubation.
Incubation is for about 21 days and then the eggs hatch. Parent birds feed the chicks for up to 8 weeks. After that the young birds can feed and look after themselves.
Cockatiels can live for around 15-20 years.
Cockatiels as pets
Cockatiels are popular pets, both in Australia and around the world.
Tame cockatiels have been specially bred so there are many different coloured birds. Lutino cockatiels are white, pied cockatiels have patches of dark and light feathers, and there are cinnamon and pearl cockatiels.
Cockatiels make chirping and whistling noises. They are intelligent birds and can be taught to perform tricks, whistle and talk. They are bright, acrobatic and entertaining pets.
As well as seed, pet cockatiels should also be fed fresh green vegetables such as spinach, chard, carrot tops and herbs. Vegetables such as corn, peas, carrots and broccoli are good too as are apples, pears and berries.
They can be given cooked rice and pasta too.
Responsible pet ownership
Pet cockatiels depend on their owners for food, protection and shelter. Before becoming a pet owner think carefully about all the things you will have to do to care for your pet responsibly.