Food and cooking in China can be divided into 4 main types or styles

1. Northern Chinese food

All kinds of dumplings! ©iStock

All kinds of dumplings! ©iStock

More wheat than rice is eaten in the north. Steamed dumplings are a special dish, as are spring rolls.

Peking Duck too is a famous dish from the north. The city of Xi'an is famous for its dumplings known as jiaozi.

There are many different types of dumpling and each type is shaped differently, depending on what is inside. Some contain chicken, some pork, and there is one dumpling which is pinched to make three sections, each containing a different filling.

Peking Duck

Peking Duck ©iStock

Peking Duck ©iStock

Ducks raised for this dish are fed a rich paste made of grain and soybean to fatten them. After killing and plucking, the ducks are rubbed with spices, salt and sugar and the body cavities are filled with boiling water. The ducks are roasted in an oven, or hung over an open fire where the skin absorbs the smells of burning fruitwood.  Slices of Peking Duck are served rolled in a thin pancake with sliced cucumber, green onions and a thick sauce called Hoisin sauce.

 

2. Eastern Chinese food

A dish of steamed crabs ©Getty Images

A dish of steamed crabs ©Getty Images

Fish is the ingredient for many dishes from this part of China. Fish tail stew, hot and sour fish soup, steamed crabs and deep fried fish with bamboo shoots are some dishes served in restaurants.

 

 

3. Western Chinese food

Soups are popular in all styles of Chinese cooking. Getty Images

Soups are popular in all styles of Chinese cooking. Getty Images

Red chilli, garlic, peppercorns and ginger used in the cooking make the dishes of this style hot and spicy.

Stir fried pork with hot sauce, stewed eel with garlic, stir fried beef with chilli and Chinese cabbage soups are some dishes of style of cooking in the western part of China.

 

 

4. Southern Chinese food

Sweet and Sour Pork is a popular dish outside of China ©iStock

Sweet and Sour Pork is a popular dish outside of China ©iStock

Dishes cooked in the style of the south of China include steamed lobster, sweet and sour pork with pineapple, stir -fried snake meat with mushrooms, prawns with chilli, roasted pork ribs and stir fried chicken with Chinese cabbage called bok choy. Stir frying is a popular cooking method in many parts of China, particularly the south.

 

 

Go here to read about Chinese New Year and the special foods eaten to celebrate:

http://www.china-family-adventure.com/chinese-new-year-celebrations.html#banquet

Go here to read about the food eaten in Ancient China:

http://quatr.us/china/food/