The island of Bali is part of the Republic of Indonesia.

The island has an area of 5 632 square kilometers (2 175 square miles).

It measures about 100 kilometres from north to south and about 150 kilometres from east to west.

There are six volcanoes on Bali and they stretch in a line from east to west. The highest, Mount Agung, is an active volcano 3 142 metres high.

There are tropical forests, crater lakes and many fast flowing rivers on Bali. White sand beaches in the south and beaches covered with gray or black volcanic sand are popular places for tourists.

Population of Bali

More than 3 million Balinese people live on the island, mostly along the coast in the south. Most are Hindus but there are also many Muslims and some Christians. Most people speak Balinese and Indonesian and many can speak English.

Climate of Bali

All year round the temperature on Bali is between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius. The wet monsoon season is from December to March. The dry, cooler months are from June to September.

Industry in Bali

A rice farmer prepares for planting. kidcyber photo

A rice farmer prepares for planting. kidcyber photo

Tourism is the most important industry in the south. There are textile and clothing factories as well as furniture, handicrafts and souvenir producers. The people also make fine silverware and jewellery. On farms these crops are grown: rice, tea, coffee, tobacco, cacao, copra, vanilla, soy beans, chilies, fruit, vegetables. Fishing and seaweed farming are important industries too.

Watch this video and you will see scenes from Bali as people go about their daily life in towns and villages.

You will see people in everyday clothes and in traditional clothing worn at ceremonies.

BALI, JE T'AIME! from artisland on Vimeo.

Can you answer these questions after looking at the video?

  • How do people get around on Bali?

  • What activities are there for the people and tourists?

  • What wildlife did you see?

Fauna and Flora (animals and plants) of Bali

white heron

white heron

Various species of monkeys, (mainly long-tailed macaques), civet cats, barking deer and mouse deer live on the island. About 300 species of birds such as blue kingfishers, sea eagles, white herons and egrets live on the island. Dolphins, coral fish, moray eels, and whale sharks live in the sea and in the coral reefs that surround the island.

Once, elephants and tigers lived on Bali but they are now extinct on the island.

Hibiscus is just one of the many flowers that grow in Bali

Hibiscus is just one of the many flowers that grow in Bali

Banyan trees, tamarind, clove and acacia trees grow in the south. There are mangroves too. A dozen kinds of coconut palms grow here too. The Balinese use flowers as decorations and as offerings at their temples.

One endangered bird is the pretty Bali starling.




Watch a video of how children at one school have worked to help save the birds.

You can read more about other places in Indonesia on kidcyber. Find them here.

If you use any of this in your own work, acknowledge the source in your bibliography like this:

Thomas, Ron. & Sydenham, Shirley. 2015. Bali Indonesia. [online]